There is very little said about Melchizedek in the Old Testament and not much more in the New Testament, but what is said is of great importance. One can gain an understanding of him by careful study of the little that is reveled.
First consider Gen 14:18 (NIV) “Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High”. He was a priest of God before Aaron, who was the first priest that God appointed from His people Israel.
Then we jump to Psalm 110 where God is speaking through David about Jesus. We know it is Jesus that is being spoken of, because of the phrase “The LORD says to my Lord”. If the one spoken of was Lord of David he would have to be King of Kings, or Jesus. This is affirmed in Hebrews chapter five. God says that Jesus is a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek. Turning that statement around we can see that Melchizedek never dies, because if he did his priesthood would die with him.
So we have two High Priests who are priests for ever. Melchizedek was the only priest that lives forever until Jesus was made perfect and before Jesus the law condemned everyone, so it should be obvious that Melchizedek was the High Priest of the Law. When Jesus was made perfect he also became a High Priest. I would say that he is High Priest of Mercy, but that phrase is not used in the Bible so don’t quote me on that. Anyway it is apparent that there are two such Priests who are High Priests at the same time (Heb 7:3). This makes sense because the law is still valid. Those who will perish will do so because they have not kept the law and those who will live will do so because Jesus paid the penalty of the law for them. Both the law and mercy exist at the same time and there is a Priest for both at the same time.
Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High his name means “king of righteousness”; then also, “king of Salem” means “king of peace.” (Heb 7:2). Now, I don’t know if you realize it, but God’s law is peace. If everyone could obey the law there would be peace throughout the whole world.
There are only two royal laws from which all of the Ten Commands come from. (Mark 12:29-31 NIV) “The most important one,” answered Jesus, “is this: ‘Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one. Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’ The second is this: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no commandment greater than these.”
If we could obey the first law we would be at peace with God and if we could obey the second we would be at peace with all men: if they also obeyed. There would be no murder, thefts, infidelity, or any strife, because you would not do anything to them that you would not want done to you.
Then there is (Heb 7:3 NIV) Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, like the Son of God he remains a priest forever. Or as the KJV says (Heb 7:3 KJV) Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. If he had no beginning and has no end then he either is God or came directly from God.
Here is another statement that you will not find in the Bible and it is only a way that I view Melchizedek. I am not trying to add anything to the Bible, but let me say this, If Jesus is the only son of God born as a man, then Melchizedek is the only son of God born of Spirit. Please don’t throw rocks at me. It just seems right to me. If I missed something then please explain it to me. Be very critical of me it will benefit all of us.
Once you understand that Melchizedek is the Holy Spirit, spoken of all through the Bible, you can see that he is one of the two witnesses reveled in Revelation. Well, that is better left to another post.
NOW HAVING SAID ALL OF THIS I HAVE FOUND MYSELF TO BE WRONG.
PLEASE READ MY POST “OK I WAS SLIGHTLY WRONG ABOUT MELCHIZEDEK!!!!”